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Curiosity evolves as information unfolds

Hsiung A, Poh JH, Huettel SA, Adcock RA. PNAS 120, 43 e2301974120 (2023)


Communicating COVID-19 exposure risk with an interactive website counteracts risk misestimation.
Sinclair AH, Taylor MK, Brandel-Tanis F, Davidson A, Chande AT, Rishishwar L, Andris C, Adcock RA, Weitz JS, Samanez-Larkin GR, Beckett SJ. PLoS One. 2023 Oct 5;18(10):e0290708. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0290708. eCollection 2023.
PMID: 37796971 Free PMC article.

Toward an integrative account of internal and external determinants of event segmentation.
Wang YC, Adcock RA, Egner T. Psychon Bull Rev. 2023 Sep 12. doi: 10.3758/s13423-023-02375-2. Online ahead of print.
PMID: 37698807 Review.


Instructed motivational states bias reinforcement learning and memory formation.
Sinclair AH, Wang YC, Adcock RA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2023 Aug;120(31):e2304881120. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2304881120. Epub 2023 Jul 25.PMID: 37490530 Free PMC article.




Hippocampal convergence during anticipatory midbrain activation promotes subsequent memory formation

Poh, JH, Vu, MA. T, Stanek, J.K., Hsiung, A., Egner, T., & Adcock, R.A. Nat Commun 13, 6729 (2022).  


Prediction errors disrupt hippocampal representations and update episodic memories
Alyssa H. Sinclair, Grace M. Manalili, Iva K. Brunec, R. Alison Adcock, Morgan D. Barense PNAS December 21, 2021 118 (51) e2117625118;


Remembering Election Night 2016: Subjective but not objective metrics of autobiographical memory vary with political affiliation, affective valence, and surprise. Chiew, K. S., Harris, B. B., & Adcock, R. A. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2021;

Pairing facts with imagined consequences improves pandemic-related risk perception. 

Sinclair AH*, Hakimi S*, Stanley ML, Adcock RA, & Samanez-Larkin GR.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021; 118 (32) e2100970118. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2100970118

Imagining a personalized scenario selectively increases perceived risk of viral transmission for older adults.

Sinclair AH, Stanley ML, Hakimi S, Cabeza R, Adcock RA, & Samanez-Larkin GR.

Nature Aging, 2021; 1, 677–683.



Can we predict real-time fMRI neurofeedback learning success from pretraining brain activity? 

Haugg A, Sladky R, Skouras S, et al. [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 30]. 

Hum Brain Mapp. 2020. doi:10.1002/hbm.25089 PMID: 32729652

Pyneal: open source real-time fMRI software. 

MacInnes J, Adcock RA, Prat CS, Rao RP, Dickerson KC,* Stocco A.

Frontiers in Neuroscience. 2020. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2020.00900

Variability in the analysis of a single neuroimaging dataset by many teams. 

Botvinik-Nezer R, Holzmeister F, Camerer CF, et al.

Nature. 2020;582(7810):84-88. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2314-9 PMID: 32483374


Motivated Memory: Integrating Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 

Chiew K and Adcock RA. (2019).

The Cambridge Handbook of Motivation and Learning (Cambridge Handbooks in Psychology, pp. 517-546). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI:

Enhancing activation in the right temporoparietal junction using theta-burst stimulation: Disambiguating between two hypotheses of top-down control of behavioral mimicry. 

Duffy KA, Luber B, Adcock RA, Chartrand TL.

PLoS One. 2019 Jan 25;14(1):e0211279. PMID: 30682141

Expected reward value and reward uncertainty have temporally dissociable effects on memory formation. 

Stanek JK, Dickerson KC, Chiew KS, Clement NJ, Adcock RA.

J Cogn Neurosci. 2019 October; 31(10):1443–1454. doi:


Unpacking the Different Flavors of Curiosity.

Hsiung A, Hakimi S, Adcock RA. (2018).

IEEE Cognitive and Developmental Systems (CDS) Newsletter, 14(2), 10.

Relating Sensory, Cognitive, and Neural Factors to Older Persons' Perceptions about Happiness: An Exploratory Study.

Horne AJ, Chiew KS, Zhuang J, George LK, Adcock RA, Potter GG, Lad EM, Cousins SW, Lin FR, Mamo SK, Chen NK, Maciejewski AJ, Duong Fernandez X, Whitson HE.

Aging Res. 2018 Dec 16;2018:4930385. PMID: 30652033

Large-Scale Network Topology Reveals Heterogeneity in Individuals With at Risk Mental State for Psychosis: Findings From the Longitudinal Youth-at-Risk Study.

Wang C, Lee J, Ho NF, Lim JKW, Poh JS, Rekhi G, Krishnan R, Keefe RSE, Adcock RA, Wood SJ, Fornito A, Chee MWL, Zhou J.

Cerebral Cortex. 2018 Dec 1;28(12):4234-4243. PMID: 29088373

Single Session Real-time fMRI Neurofeedback has a Lasting Impact on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Strategies.

MacDuffie, K.E., MacInness, J., Dickerson, K.C., Eddington, K.M., Strauman, T.J. and Adcock, R.A.

NeuroImage: Clinical. 2018 June 9;19:868-875. PMID: 29922575


Motivation and Memory.

Dickerson KC and Adcock RA.

In The Stevens’ Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Fourth Edition. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. March 23 2018:

Motivational valence alters memory formation without altering exploration of a real-life spatial environment.

Chiew KS, Hashemi J, Gans LK, Lerebours L, Clement NJ, Vu M.A.T, Sapiro G, Heller NE, Adcock RA.

PloS one. 2018 March 2013(3): e0193506. PMID: 29558526


         Progressive Decline in Hippocampal CA1 Volume in Individuals at Ultra-High-Risk for Psychosis Who Do Not Remit: Findings from           the Longitudinal Youth at Risk Study.

         Ho NFHolt DJCheung MIglesias JEGoh AWang MLim JKde Souza JPoh JSSee YMAdcock RAWood SJChee                     MWLee JZhou J.

         Neuropsychopharmacology. 2017 May;42(6):1361-1370. PMID: 28079061

Selectivity in Postencoding Connectivity with High-Level Visual Cortex Is Associated with Reward-Motivated Memory

Murty VP, Tompary A, Adcock RA, Davachi L.

J Neurosci. 2017 Jan 37(3):537-545. PMID: 28100737

Distinct medial temporal lobe network states as neural contexts for motivated memory formation.

Murty P and Adcock RA.

In Hannula and Duff (Eds.), The Hippocampus from Cells to Systems: Structure, Connectivity, and Functional Contributions to Memory and Flexible Cognition. New York: Springer. 2017. Chapter



Reward Anticipation Dynamics during Cognitive Control and Episodic Encoding: Implications for Dopamine.

Chiew KS, Stanek JK, Adcock RA.

Front Hum Neurosci. 2016 Nov 1;10:555. PMID: 27847474


Disrupted salience network functional connectivity and white-matter microstructure in persons at risk for psychosis: findings from the LYRIKS study.

Wang C, Ji F, Hong Z, Poh JS, Krishnan R, Lee J, Rekhi G, Keefe RS, Adcock RA, Wood SJ, Fornito A, Pasternak O, Chee MW, Zhou J.

Psychological Medicine. 2016 Jul 11:1-13. PMID: 27396386


Individual differences in regulatory focus predict neural response to reward.

Scult MA, Knodt AR, Hanson JL, Ryoo M, Adcock RA, Hariri AR, Strauman TJ.

Social Neuroscience. 2016 Apr 30:1-11. PMID: 27074863


Cognitive Neurostimulation: Learning to Volitionally Sustain Ventral Tegmental Area Activation.

MacInnes JJ*, Dickerson K*, Chen NK, Adcock RA.

Neuron. Mar 3, 2016. PMID: 26948894


Distinct medial temporal networks encode surprise during motivation by reward versus punishment.

Murty VP, LaBar KS, Adcock RA.

Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. Feb 5, 2016. PMID: 26854903


Hippocampus and prefrontal cortex predict distinct timescales of activation in the human ventral tegmental area.

Murty VP, Ballard IC, Adcock RA.

Cerebral Cortex. Jan 29, 2016. PMID: 26826101


Hippocampal and Insular Response to Smoking-Related Environments: Neuroimaging Evidence for Drug Context Effects in Nicotine Dependence.

McClernon FJ, Conklin CA, Kozink RV, Adcock RA, Sweitzer MM, AddicottMA, Chou Y, Chen N, Hallyburton MB, DeVito AM. 

Neuropsychopharmacology. 41(3):877-85. 2016. PMID: 26179147


Lack of Evidence for Regional Brain Volume or Cortical Thickness Abnormalities in Youths at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis: Findings From the Longitudinal Youth at Risk Study.

Klauser P, Zhou J, Lim JK, Poh JS, Zheng H, Tng HY, Krishnan R, Lee J, Keefe RS, Adcock RA, Wood SJ, Fornito A, Chee MW. 

Schizophr Bull. 41(6):1285-93. 2015. PMID: 25745033




ADHD, altered dopamine neurotransmission, and disrupted reinforcement processes: implications for smoking and nicotine dependence.

Kollins SH, Adcock RA.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 3;52:70-8. 2014. PMID: 24560930

Enriched encoding: reward motivation organizes cortical networks for hippocampal detection of unexpected events.

Murty VP, Adcock RA.

Cerebral Cortex. 2014 Aug;24(8):2160-8 PMID: 23529005


Mechanisms of Motivation-Cognition Interaction: Challenges and Opportunities.

Braver TS, Krug MK, Chiew KS, Kool W, Clement NJ, Adcock RA, Barch DM, Botvinick M, Carver CS, Cools R, Custers R, Dickinson AR, Dweck CS, Fishbach A, Gollwitzer PM, Hess TM, Isaacowitz DM, Mather M, Murayama K, Pessoa L, Samanez-Larkin GR, Somerville LH, for the MOMCAI group.

Cognitive Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience. 14(2):443-72. 2014. PMID: 24920442


Context Matters: The structure of task goals affects accuracy in multiple-target visual search.

Clark K, Cain MS, Adcock RA, Mitroff SR.

Applied Ergonomics. 45(3):528-33. 2014. PMID: 23957930


Resting-state analysis of the ventral tegmental area and substantia nigra reveals differential connectivity with the prefrontal cortex.

Murty VP, Shermohammed M, Smith DV, Carter RM, Huettel SA, Adcock RA. 

Neuroimage. 100:580-9. 2014. PMID: 24979343




Altered Striatal Functional Connectivity in Subjects With an At-Risk Mental State for Psychosis.

Dandash O, Fornito A, Lee J, Keefe RS, Chee MW, Adcock RA, Pantelis C, Wood SJ, Harrison BJ.

Schizophrenia Bulletin. 40(4):904-13. 2013. PMID: 23861539


Hippocampal networks habituate as novelty accumulates.

Murty VP, Ballard IC, MacDuffie K, Krebs RM, Adcock RA.

Learning and Memory. 20: 229-235. 2013. PMID: 23512939


Preserved working memory, altered brain activation in persons at risk for psychosis.

Yaakub SN, Dorairaj K, Poh JS, Asplund CL, Krishnan R, Lee J, Keefe RSE, Adcock RA, Wood SJ, Chee MWL.

American Journal of Psychiatry. 170(11):1297-307. 2013. PMID: 24077560


Enriched encoding: reward motivation organizes cortical networks to enhance hippocampal encoding of unexpected events.

Murty VP, Adcock RA.

Cerebral Cortex. 24(8):2160-8. 2013. PMID: 23529005


Size matters: how age and reaching experiences shape infants' preferences for different sized objects.

Libertus K, Gibson J, Hidayatallah NZ, Hirtle J, Adcock RA, Needham A.

Infant Behavior and Development. 36(2): 189-198. 2013. PMID: 23454420




Threat of Punishment Motivates Memory Encoding via Amygdala, not Midbrain, Interactions with the Medial Temporal Lobe.

Murty V, LaBar KS, Adcock RA.

Journal of Neuroscience. 32(26):8969-76. 2012. PMID: 22745496




Reprint of: fMRI studies of successful emotional memory encoding: a quantitative meta-analysis.

Murty VP, Ritchey M, Adcock RA, Labar KS.

Neuropsychologia. 49(4):695-705. 2011. PMID: 21414466


Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex drives mesolimbic dopaminergic regions to initiate motivated behavior.

Ballard IC, Murty VP, Carter RM, Macinnes JJ, Huettel SA, Adcock RA.

Journal of Neuroscience. 31(28):10340-6. 2011. PMID: 21753011


Is all motivation good for learning? Dissociable influences of approach and avoidance motivation in declarative memory.

Murty V, LaBar KS, Hamilton DA, Adcock RA.

Learning and Memory.  18(11):712-7. 2011. PMID: 22021253




Timing is Everything: Neural Response Dynamics During Syllable Processing and its Relation to Higher-Order Cognition in Schizophrenia and Healthy Comparison Subjects.

Dale CL, Findlay AM, Adcock RA, Vertinski M, Fisher M, Genevsky A, Aldebot S, Subramaniam K, Luks TL, Simpson GV, Nagarajan SS, Vinogradov S.

International Journal of Psychophysiology, 75(2):183-93, 2010. PMID: 19879305

Functional Significance of Striatal Responses During Episodic Decisions: Recovery or Goal Attainment?

Han S, Huettel SA, Raposo A, Adcock RA, and Dobbins I.

Journal of Neuroscience. 30(13):4767-75. 2010. PMID: 20357127


Electrophysiological and Diffusion-Tensor Imaging Evidence of Delayed Corollary Discharges in Patients with Schizophrenia.

Whitford TJ, Mathalon DH, Shenton ME, Roach BJ, Bammer R, Faustman WO, Adcock RA, Bouix S, Kubicki M, De Siebenthal J, Rausch AC, Schneiderman JS, Ford JM.

Psychological Medicine. Jul 22:1-11. 2010. PMID: 20663254


fMRI studies of successful emotional memory encoding: A quantitative meta-analysis.

Murty VP, Ritchey M, Adcock RA, Labar KS.

Neuropsychologia. 48(12):3459-69. 2010. PMID: 20688087


Dopamine and adaptive memory.

Shohamy D, Adcock RA.

Trends in Cognitive Science 14(10):464-472, 2010. ReviewPMID: 20829095




When Top-Down Meets Bottom-Up: Auditory Training Enhances Verbal Memory in Schizophrenia.

Adcock RA, Dale C, Fisher M, Aldebot S, Genevsky A, Simpson GV, Nagarajan S, Vinogradov S.

Schizophrenia Bulletin, 35(6):1132-41, 2009. PMID:19745022


Activation in the VTA and Nucleus Accumbens Increases in Anticipation of Both Gains and Losses.

Carter RM, MacInnes JJ, Huettel SA, Adcock RA.

Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 3:21, 2009.                                         

For commentary: Seo, H Ambivalent Dopamine. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 4, 2010. PMID: 19753142




Reward-Motivated Learning: Mesolimbic Activation Precedes Memory Formation.

Adcock RA, Thangavel A, Whitfield-Gabrieli S, Knutson B, and Gabrieli JDE.  

Neuron, 50(3):507-17, 2006. PMID: 16675403


Remembrance of Rewards Past. 

Knutson B, Adcock RA.

Neuron, 45(3):331-2, 2005. PMID: 15694318



Functional Neuroanatomy of Executive Processes Involved in Dual-Task Performance.

Adcock RA, Constable RT, Gore JC, Goldman-Rakic PS. 

PNAS U S A, 97(7):3567-72, 2000. PMID: 10725387



Heterarchical Organization of Human Prefrontal Cortex:  Evidence from Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Adcock RA.

Doctoral Thesis, Yale University. 1999. 



Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia and Cardiovascular Responses to Stress.

Lane JD, Adcock RA, Burnett RE. 

Psychophysiology, 29(4):461-70, 1992. PMID: 1410177



Caffeine Effects on Cardiovascular and Neuroendocrine Responses to Acute Psychosocial Stress and their Relationship to Level of Habitual Caffeine Consumption.

Lane JD, Adcock RA, Williams RB, Kuhn CM. 

Psychosomatic Medicine, 52(3):320-36, 1990. PMID: 2195579

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